Introduction

   Pyongyang is situated on the middle plain in the northwest of the Korean peninsula.

   Its name means “a flat land”.

   The Taedong River, one of the longest rivers in Korea, runs through the city, and there extend vast plains on both sides of the river, dotted with low hills.

   Topographically, the northern mountains keep off the cold northwestern wind in winter, and the eastern and southern plains are exposed to cool southeastern and southwestern wind, thus providing favorable conditions for tour activities.

   The average annual temperature is 9.5℃ and the average annual precipitation is about 1 000㎜.

   In spring, Pyongyang presents the scene of a sea of flowers as in Mangyongdae famous for beautiful landscape and various kinds of flowers are in full bloom on Moran Hill, which is called a garden of the capital and the streets lined up with apricot trees.

   Walking along the banks of the Taedong and Pothong rivers is fine, and the boating on the rivers adds luster to the attractiveness of the city in summer.

   The scene of Pyongyang in autumn is very charming for clear and blue sky, fresh air and autumnal tints on the hills.

   In winter when it snows in large flakes, the mild weather, white snow and frostworks give rise to a special feeling of the city.

   Pyongyang is a city associated with time-honored history, brilliant culture, wisdom and talents of the Korean nation.

   It is one of the cradles of mankind and a city of culture with 5 000-year-long history.

   There remain a lot of historical relics left by the Korean ancestors one million years ago, which prove the emergence of mankind.

   It was the capital of Ancient Joson (early 30th century B.C.-108 B.C.), the first state in Korea, and Koguryo (277 B.C.-A.D.668), a millennium power in the East. There are many historical relics showing the long history and brilliant culture of the Korean people, including the Mausoleum of Tangun, founder-king of Ancient Joson, and the Mausoleum of Tongmyong, founder-king of Koguryo.

   After Korea’s liberation from the Japanese military occupation on August 15, Juche 34 (1945), Pyongyang began to open a new page in the history of its development as the capital of the DPRK.

   In the city there is the native home in Mangyongdae where the President was born.

   In the city the glorious Workers’ Party of Korea was founded in October Juche34 (1945) and the DPRK, in September Juche37 (1948).

   During the three-year-long Korean war (June 25, 1950-July 27, 1953), the city was completely ruined by bombing.

   After the ceasefire, it has been turned into a modern and beautiful city. It boasts of attractive green foliage and all kinds of flowers and many monumental edifices, including the Tower of the Juche Idea and the Arch of Triumph.

   Today Pyongyang is changing into a more magnificent and beautiful city of creation, construction and miracle day by day.

Tourist attractions

Mausoleum of King Tangun

Mac Sunglasses Play

   Mausoleum of King Tangun, situated at the foot of Mt. Taebak in Munhung-ri, Kangdong County, Pyongyang, is a holy place showing the time-honored history of the homogeneous Korean nation.

   Tangun, founder king of Korea, set up Ancient Joson, the first slave state in Korea, in the early 30th century B.C. His mausoleum is a precious historical relic which proves the 5 000-year-long history of the Korean nation.

   It was rebuilt with trimmed pieces of granite in October Juche83 (1994).

   Covering an area of 45 hectares, it is divided into three sections: the monument to the renovated mausoleum, stone sculptures and the chamber of the grave.

   The section of the monument to the renovated mausoleum consists of the gate, the Monument to the Renovated King Tangun’s Mausoleum and the Monument to Tangun’s Achievements.

   In the section of stone sculptures the sculptures of eight close subjects of the king and those of his four princes stand along the stairs, in the order of the ranks of their posts in those days.

   Three stone gates at the back of the mausoleum lead to the chamber of the grave, each weighing over 1.2 tons. Preserved in the chamber are the remains of King Tangun and his wife in a special transparent glass coffin.

   The mausoleum is square pyramid-shaped. The number of piled-up stone pieces amounts to 1 994, which symbolizes its construction year of 1994. The biggest stone piece weighs 21 tons. The mausoleum is 22 m high and the base of its bottom is 50 m long.

   In front of the mausoleum stand a stone table and a stone incense burner. At the four corners stand four stone tigers and a pair of stone daggers. The stone tigers, which are 3.5 m high and 6.2 m long and weigh 90 tons, symbolize the wisdom and valor of the Korean ancestors who built a strong state in the Orient. The 7-m-high stone dagger, depicting a short pipha-shaped dagger peculiar to Ancient Joson, shows a high level of civilization and enterprising spirit of the Korean ancestors.

   The mausoleum has many legends related to the customs of the Korean nation that regarded it as a virtue to sanctify their founder king and hold him in high esteem.